At a house dinner the night before, he was drugged by an FBI informant who had infiltrated the Illinois chapter of the Black Panthers, to ensure that Hampton would not wake up during the raid. You may opt-out by. At a news conference after Hampton’s death, State’s Attorney Edward V. Hanrahan said “the immediate, violent, criminal reaction of the occupants in shooting at announced police officers emphasizes the extreme viciousness of the Black Panther party. We knew we couldn’t make it illegal to be either against the war or black, but by getting the public to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin, and then criminalizing both heavily, we could disrupt those communities. His parents, Francis Allen Hampton and Iberia Hampton, were Louisiana natives who relocated to Chicago. I have covered contemporary art and film since the late 1990s, and have taught journalism and film courses at the. Following FBI director J. Edgar Hoover’s orders, O’Neal undid much of Hampton’s work to foster peace in the community, leading community members to lose confidence in the BPP.

A T.V. More than 50 years later, Hampton’s words could not be more resonant. The Rainbow Coalition was a multicultural movement founded April 4, 1969 in Chicago, Illinois by Fred Hampton of the Black Panther Party, along with William "Preacherman" Fesperman of the Young Patriots Organization and Jose Cha Cha Jimenez founder of the Young Lords.It was the first of several 20th century Black-led organizations to use the "rainbow coalition" concept. The Fred Hampton Scholarship Award. He also worked with white-dominated groups like Students for a Democratic Society and the Weather Underground.

-Fred Hampton Fred Hampton is a hero in the struggle for Black liberation, revolution and socialism. Hampton and his fiancee, Deborah Johnson (also called Akua Njeri), were asleep in their bedroom. Jesse Jackson and Ralph Abernathy.

Fred Hampton (August 30, 1948–December 4, 1969) was an activist for the NAACP and the Black Panther Party. I write about film, the arts, and design. EY & Citi On The Importance Of Resilience And Innovation, Impact 50: Investors Seeking Profit — And Pushing For Change. The group Rage Against the Machine famously mentions the activist in its 1996 hit “Down Rodeo,” in which frontman Zack de la Rocha declares, “They ain’t gonna send us campin’ like they did my man Fred Hampton.”. Of course we did.”, Pause. O’Neal quickly gained access to Hampton by becoming both his bodyguard and a security director in Hampton’s Black Panther Party chapter. A bust of Hampton sits outside the Fred Hampton Family Aquatic Center. The footage captured is seen in the 1971 documentary “The Murder of Fred Hampton.”. The second half of the film draws on the techniques of investigative journalism to help uncover exactly what happened that December morning in 1969: Hampton’s death was not only a murder, it was premeditated. Please type a brief essay of (300 - 500) words describing your passion for the legacy of Fred Hampton through scholarship, community activism and organizational leadership. At age 21, Hampton was fatally shot alongside a fellow activist during a law enforcement raid.

Early in the morning of December 4th, 1969, Chicago police raided the home of a man named Fred Hampton and fatally shot him while he slept beside his girlfriend, Deborah, who was then nine months pregnant with their son. You understand what I’m saying? Additionally, you will be evaluated on your ability to link your involvement to the historical legacy of Fred Hampton. Obviously there were no smart phones in 1969, and police brutality went unchecked virtually without exception. At a rally outside the U.S. Although that sum was far less than what they’d sought, the settlement was an acknowledgement, to a degree, of wrongdoing. The writing is based on the movie "Mississippi Burning" by Alan Parker(1988). He also played a direct role in his killing. reporter at the scene reiterated the same version of events: After describing Hampton’s home as nothing but an arsenal of weapons, the reporter quoted a sergeant in the raid saying it was “15 minutes of hell, and a miracle. The BPP had successfully launched a free breakfast program to feed children in a number of cities. In 1994, another of Nixon’s co-conspirators in the Watergate scandal named John Erlichman affirmed Nixon’s racist agenda to the journalist Dan Baum. That case was thrown out, but a new case took place in 1979 after officials concluded that the law enforcement agencies involved had obstructed justice and refused to hand over relevant paperwork related to the killings. Chicago police remove the body of Fred Hampton, leader of the Illinois Black Panther Party, who was slain in a gun battle with police on Chicago’s West Side on Dec. 4, 1969.

As a teen, Hampton became involved in civil rights by leading a local NAACP youth council. Activists considered the killing of Hampton to be an assassination. Otherwise, use the space below.). Soon after his death, the BPP filmed an investigation of his apartment, which police did not close off. Nadra Kareem Nittle is a journalist with bylines in The Atlantic, Vox, and The New York Times.

Hampton had success with the NAACP, but the radicalism of the Black Panther Party resonated with him even more. COINTELPRO targeted civil rights leaders such as the Rev.

Shortly afterward, law enforcement agents initiated an early morning raid on Hampton’s apartment. Assassination of Fred Hampton How the FBI and the Chicago Police Murdered a Black Panther. Only 21 at the time, Hampton had already been named the chairman of the Illinois Black Panthers and deputy chairman of the national party.

The 90-minute film begins with footage of Hampton when he was alive, speaking to crowds, articulating the Black Panthers’ mission, and establishing the terms of the fight against injustice. However, while he was alive, he expressed confidence in his own legacy: Biography of Fred Hampton, Black Panther Party Leader. If your intended use is for educational purposes, feel free to describe any specific circumstances that may be relevant. Activists and the broader black community considered the deaths of these men unjust, and their families ultimately received a settlement stemming from a civil lawsuit. The film is worth watching for those speeches alone. Did we know we were lying about the drugs? Essays. Alk and Gray’s 1971 film, The Murder of Fred Hampton, changed that. Today, Hampton is widely remembered as a martyr for the cause of black liberation. As a youth, Fred excelled in sports and dreamed of playing baseball for the New York Yankees. A number of writers, rappers, and musicians have referred to Fred Hampton in their writings or lyrics. “The key is to devise a system that recognizes that while not appearing to.”. In the city of Chicago, December 4 is “Fred Hampton Day.” A public pool in Maywood, Illinois, where Hampton grew up, bears his name. Biography of Angela Davis, Political Activist and Academic, Biography of Huey Newton, Co-Founder of the Black Panthers, Biography of Richard Aoki, Asian-American Black Panther, Civil Rights Movement Timeline From 1965 to 1969, 27 Black American Women Writers You Should Know, Biography of Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Journalist Who Fought Racism, African-American History Timeline: 1965 to 1969, 5 Common Misconceptions About Black Lives Matter, Biography of Louis Farrakhan, Nation of Islam Leader, Black Women Who Have Run for President of the United States, dreamed of playing baseball for the New York Yankees, Black Panther icon Fred Hampton’s boyhood home facing foreclosure. Erlichman told Baum that “the Nixon campaign in 1968, and the Nixon White House after that, had two enemies: the antiwar left and black people. When an officer realized that Hampton hadn’t been killed, he proceeded to shoot the activist twice in the head. Hampton’s death became the first truly high-profile case of police brutality in American history, not because it was the first to occur, but because new, lightweight, handheld cameras enabled filmmakers to expose the lies behind the Chicago Police Department’s official narrative. An estimated 5,000 mourners turned up to Hampton’s funeral, during which the activist was remembered by civil rights leaders such the Rev. A skilled speaker and organizer, Hampton quickly moved through the ranks of the BPP. All Rights Reserved, This is a BETA experience. Hampton ultimately attended Triton College, where he studied pre-law in hopes of helping people of color fight back against police brutality. One research source must be cited in the essay to support our opinion but the source should not be from the movie itself. Courthouse October 29, 1969, Dr. Benjamin Spock, background, listens to Fred Hampton, chairman of the Illinois Black Panther party.

Fred Hampton was born on August 30, 1948 in Summit, Illinois. They had been wounded but survived the gunfire. When the FBI’s Pennsylvania field office was broken into not long after, the COINTELPRO files found included a floor plan of Hampton’s apartment and documents that mentioned covering up the FBI’s part in Hampton’s killing. Martin Luther King Jr. as well as radical groups like the Black Panther Party, the American Indian Movement, and the Young Lords. Johnson, who was expecting a child with Hampton, was not killed. In your essay, please be specigic about your direct involvement.

Her reporting focuses education, race, and public policy. His parents, Francis Allen Hampton and Iberia Hampton, were Louisiana natives who relocated to Chicago. A miracle because not one policeman was killed, a miracle because not more policemen were shot.” The police were armed with a 45-caliber submachine gun and two shotguns.

From the 1950s until the 1970s, the FBI’s Counterintelligence Program (COINTELPRO) targeted leaders of activist organizations like Fred Hampton. Fred Hampton was born on August 30, 1948 in Summit, Illinois. Hampton was the Deputy Chairman from the Illinois branch of the Black Panther Party.

We could arrest their leaders, raid their homes, break up their meetings, and vilify them night after night on the evening news. As a youth, Fred excelled in sports and dreamed of playing baseball for the New York Yankees. Sowing discord in the community wasn’t the only way O’Neal attempt to undermine Hampton.

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